Radix - Cultural and Social Issues


This page has a diverse set of links concerned broadly with cultural and social aspects of disasters. The latest addition is topmost in any list.

bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) See the new page on Disability Issues

bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) Click for links to Children's Issues

bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) Click for links to Elders' Issues

bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) Click for link to Women's Issues

bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) David Alexander: Reflections on Beslan, 4th September 2004 (download Word file 23KB)
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) ReliefWeb: General Assembly, concluding special session on children, adopts outcome document - "A World Fit for Children"
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) We the Children: End-decade review of the follow-up to the World Summit for Children
Report of the Secretary-General
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) UNICEF: Goals for Children and Development in the 1990s
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) UN Special Session on Children http://www.unicef.org/specialsession/
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) AlertNet: U.N. summit set to approve goals for children by Andrew Dobbie
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) The State of the World's Children 2002. Unicef: http://www.unicef.org/sowc02/
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) See also the Proceeedings from the Reaching Women and Children in Disasters Conference, held in Miami, Florida in June 2000 http://www.apu.ac.uk/geography/rwcidconference/. Dowload Word file of Proceedings (123kb)
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) ReliefWeb: Unseen millions: The catastrophe of internal displacement in Colombia - children and adolescents at risk
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) United Nations Chronicle: School Bells from Bombshells by Maha Muna

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Disability Issues
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) See the Disability Issues page for the full set of links

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bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) A gender search on ReliefWeb: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/lib.nsf/doc207?OpenForm&query=3&cat=Gender
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) WomenWarPeace.org http://www.womenwarpeace.org/
The United Nations Development Fund for Women - UNIFEM www.unifem.org
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) ReliefWeb: Afghanistan: Huge number of women involved in anti-polio drive
bluesquiggle.gif (968 bytes) ReliefWeb: ARC: Women are key to Sierra Leone's future
http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/9ca65951ee22658ec125663300408599/c19753e3d514a899c1256bc3003f0e86?OpenDocument (Violent Conflict)
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) See also the Proceeedings from the Reaching Women and Children in Disasters Conference, held in Miami, Florida in June 2000 http://www.apu.ac.uk/geography/rwcidconference/. Dowload Word file of Proceedings (123kb)
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) ReliefWeb: Reproductive health during conflict and displacement - Report by Samantha Guy http://wwww.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/9ca65951ee22658ec125663300408599/c8695afc13bc600d85256b92005d41e3?OpenDocument
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) Empowering women in Bangladesh By Hanna Schmuck, in Cox's Bazar. ReliefWeb http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/9ca65951ee22658ec125663300408599/570056eb0ae62524c1256b6b00587224?OpenDocument
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) The Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) organized, in collaboration with the Secretariat for the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), an Expert Group Meeting (EGM) on "Environmental management and the mitigation of natural disasters: a gender perspective", in Ankara, Turkey from 6 to 9 November 2001. The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) selected this topic as a priority theme in its multi-year programme of work for 2002-2006. The meeting analyzed "women as part of the solution" rather than women's vulnerabilities to disaster, focusing on positive aspects, experiences and characteristics that reduce women's vulnerability, promote gender equality and provide concrete solutions to global problems. The role of women as key environmental managers and key actors in natural disaster management are primary issues which were explored. Findings and conclusions will be considered by the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women (New York, March 2002), and become a possible contribution to the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, Summer 2002).
The web page for the Expert Group Meeting is http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/env_manage/
From there you can find links to downloadable documents.
Prior to the meeting there was an online discussion, the materials from which are available at http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/env_manage/e-forum.html
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) Women at Ground Zero - by Susan Hagen and Mary Carouba
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) Afghan women share their messages of hope - ReliefWeb
Prepared for the Disaster Management Training Programme of the United Nations Development Programme and the Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator by Raymond E. Wiest. Jane S.P. Mocellin, and D. Thandiwe Motsisi. Winnipeg, Manitoba 20 June 1994 (Revised Edition).
You will need Adobe Acrobat to download this file. This Adobe Acrobat Reader (PDF) release of the manuscript is set up for duplex printing, i.e., to be printed on both sides of a sheet. If printed on only one side of a sheet, the page numbering in the headers will alternate between left and right.
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) There is a website and email discussion list which focus on gender and disasters: the Gender and Disaster Network at http://www.gdnonline.org. Register with the website and then send messages to the list at Gdn@Clio.Fiu.Edu.
bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) PAHO have an interesting site on Women Health and Development at: with plenty of resources.

You can download their factsheet on Gender and Natural Disasters here and in Spanish here.

bd14519_1.gif (968 bytes) See: Enarson, E. 2000. Gender and Natural Disasters. Working Paper No. 1. InFocus Programme on Crisis Response and Reconstruction. Geneva: ILO, Recovery and Reconstruction Department

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Ben Wisner original think piece on the El Salvador earthquake:

"The number of aftershocks, in addition to the fact that the entire country has been affected one way or the other, constitutes a major stress on each individual - rescuer and/or victim. This has lead some to advise the population, incorrectly, to dispose quickly of dead bodies because they represent a threat to public health. It is a well known fact that people dying in those conditions are not the cause of epidemics when basic rules of hygiene in corpse preservation are followed . It is also well known that mass burial has a huge impact on the mental health of survivors. Being able to identify the bodies of family and friends, even if only through pictures, facilitates the mourning process. In addition, the legal implication of mass burials are endless in terms of pension, insurance, inheritance, etc."

[PAHO, 18 January 2001, emphasis added]

"Increasingly, authorities ordered large earth movers to plow through mud, tree limbs and destroyed homes to begin the process of reconstruction."

[Reuters, 15 Jan. 2001]

"Despite the bulldozers, some emergency workers sifted through debris for photographs that they piled in a truck so that mourners might cling to something of their loved ones.

[Reuters, 17 Jan. 2001]

Bulldozers and mass graves. Is there no respect for public feelings? There is still hope for rescues, or I'm sure some relatives and friends think so. Bulldozing! How would I feel if Sonia and Gabi were bulldozed? PAHO and WHO have been trying to educate authorities for decades that cadavers are unpleasant, but not dangerous to public health under most circumstances. In Mexico City in 1985 there were protests against Mexican military teams who used dynamite to break up rubble for the bulldozers.

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Radix: the source or origin; the root
Quick look up at Dictionary.com

For questions regarding this website, contact: maureen.fordham@northumbria.ac.uk | This page was last updated on 27 February 2005